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VIII Design Standards

  • Main Street District - (300-400 Blocks Main Street)

    1. Streetscape -
      Streetscape elements include paving, lighting, pedestrian amenities and signage. Standards include:
      1. Sidewalks:
        1. Sidewalks on both sides of Main Street should be widened to approximately 16.5 feet. (S) (Diagram 2)
        2. Decorative sidewalk paving trim, joints, and accents shall be encouraged. (C) (Diagram 4)

          DIAGRAM 4

        3. Old and historic paving (including decorative tiles and old contractor stamps and dates) shall be maintained and repaired rather than replaced with new paving, where feasible. (C)
        4. New paving should have texture and relatively small-grained scoring and joint patterns. (C)
        5. Paving patterns should be simple and relate to the architecture of the building. (C)
        6. Decorative paving, such as "terrazzo" accents, should be encouraged at the entry to buildings on private property as well as the public sidewalk. (C) (Diagram 5)

          DIAGRAM 5

        7. Driveways across sidewalks should be marked by a change in paving color and/or texture. (C)
        8. Utilities shall be located underground. (C)
        9. Manhole covers, drain grates, and tree grates should be viewed as opportunities for public art. (C) (Photo 7)

          Photo 7 – Decorative Tree Grate

          Photo 8 – Heritage Walk

        10. Heritage Walk should be maintained. (C) (Photo 8)

        11. Sidewalks should be regularly cleaned and maintained. (C)
      2. Pedestrian Amenities:
        1. Street Furniture - Many Downtown areas have paving and furnishings along the public right-of-way. Street furnishings provide comfort for pedestrians and foster opportunities for conversation and human interaction. Such items typically included benches, trash receptacles, and pedestrian lighting.
          1. A single, unified family of street furniture should be adopted. (C)
          2. The family of street furniture should be in context with the surrounding buildings and overall district character. (C) (Photo 9)

            Photo 9 – Family of StreetFurniture

            Photo 10 – Bus Stop

          3. Street furniture should be durable, easy to maintain, and graffiti-resistant. (C)
          4. Amenities and signage should not impede pedestrian circulation. 6 feet minimum pedestrian clearance area should be provided on all sidewalks; although a minimum of four feet may be provided in limited areas with physical obstructions. (C)
          5. Newspaper boxes should be located at corners or in front of clusters of restaurants. Newspaper boxes should be grouped together to minimize visual and physical clutter along the sidewalk. (C)
        2. Bus Stops - Pedestrian-oriented communities should be well served by public transportation, allowing a wide range of shopping alternatives and access to work and other needs via public transportation.
          1. At least one bus stop should be located in the middle of the Main Street District.(S)
          2. Bus stops should have seating, shelter, signage with route and schedule information and adequate nighttime lighting. (C) (Photo 10)
          3. Bus layovers should be avoided along pedestrian-oriented streets. (C)
        3. Bicycles - Bicycling, like walking, is encouraged in pedestrian-oriented communities. Bicyclists improve the quality of life for all by staying out of motor vehicles, thereby reducing traffic congestion, pollution, and the need for parking. Standards for bicycles on pedestrian-oriented streets include:
          1. Adequate bicycle parking should be provided, either on public or private property. (C) (Diagram 6)

            DIAGRAM 6

          2. Bicycle parking should be plainly marked and rack designs with curves rather than sharp angles are strongly encouraged. (C)
          3. Bicycle storage should be encouraged in parking lots. (C)
          4. Bicycle parking should be located in well lit, and visible locations for security and usability. (C)
      3. Landscaping:
        Landscaping provides visual interest, shade, shelter, and a healthier environment. For streetscapes, landscaping includes street trees, sidewalk planters, and tree well plantings. Standards for landscaping in Downtown are presented below:
        1. Street Trees -
          1. Street trees should provide shade and a pedestrian canopy, but should not be so dense as to cover storefront signage or historical facades. (C) (Photo 11)
          2. In areas where shade is desirable, larger trees with denser foliage and canopies may be utilized. (C)
          3. Existing street trees should not all be removed at one time. Instead, a phased approach for the removal and replacement, as the budget and development dictate, should be used. (C)
          4. Both large, mature and smaller, less mature trees should be utilized. (C)
          5. Street trees should be low maintenance including limited shedding, disease resistant, and long-lived. (C)
          6. Tree grates should be used to enhance the pedestrian streetscape environment. (C)
          7. Street trees should provide visual interest as well as complement the streetscape and surroundings. (C)
          8. Permanent irrigation should be provided for all permanent landscaped areas. (C)
          9. New developments along pedestrian-oriented streets (Main Street, Grand Avenue, and Richmond Street) shall include street trees. (C)
          10. Street trees should be planted approximately one tree per 25 to 35 feet on center, depending on the tree selected and the location of street lights, driveways, and other physical elements located on the street. Trees should be no closer than 20 feet on center. (S)
          11. The location of trees should be planned to allow openings for viewing store entrances and signage. (C) (Photo 11)

            Photo 11 – Tree placement for storefront Visibility.

          12. For areas with new street trees, structural soil should be used to encourage root spreading to minimize sidewalk displacement and curb, gutter, street and/or infrastructure damage. (C)
        2. Other Landscaping -
          1. Seasonal flowers and evergreen shrubs in raised planters are encouraged where there is sufficient sidewalk space. (C) (Diagram 7)

            DIAGRAM 7

          2. A variety of trees, shrubs and flowers should be used for accent and other unique functions in appropriate locations, such as at corners, mid-block crossings and gateways. (C)
          3. Parking lots adjacent to streets, if permitted, should be screened with landscaping to buffer the view of vehicles. (C)
          4. Continued planting of lantana (Lantana spp.), or similar flowering groundcover, in tree wells is encouraged. (C)
      4. Lighting:
        Lighting can be an aesthetic element in Downtown as well as providing safety and security for pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorists. If Downtown is to continue to thrive, the continued safety of those in Downtown is paramount. Standards for lighting are presented below:
        1. Street Lighting -
          1. The continued use of the bell-shaped lighting fixture on Downtown streets and alleys is recommended. (C) (Photo 12)

            Photo 12 – Bell-shaped street light

            Photo 13 – Decorative Banners

          2. Street trees should be maintained so as not to reduce the effectiveness of the streetlights. (C)
          3. Banners used for decorative and community events should be affixed to light poles. (C) (Photo 13)
        2. Pedestrian Lighting -
          1. Pedestrian level lighting should be provided where people congregate, near building entries, and along sidewalks. (C) (Diagram 8)
          2. Pedestrian lighting should be provided throughout Downtown to maintain lighting levels of at least four foot-candles. (C)
          3. Metal halide lamps are recommended. (C)
          4. "Twinkle" or similar seasonal lights should be provided in street trees. (S)
          5. Decorative and directional "architectural" lighting should be used to enhance the streetscape environment. (C)

          DIAGRAM 8

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